Male Breast Surgery (Gynecomastia Surgery)
Many males have enlarged breasts which are commonly referred to as gynecomastia. Gynecomastia usually starts during puberty and proceeds and finally attains an end stage. This creates a social problem as males with breasts resembling females cannot go shirtless anywhere and is objects of ridicule in the gym and in peer groups. This severely affects their self-confidence. The only time tested method of treating this abnormality is with surgery. People who are obese often have excess fat accumulation over their breasts in a condition known as pseudogynecomastia. This condition can also be corrected by surgery. The excess breast tissue is surgically removed which usually entails making an incision over the areola making the scar less visible and removing the breast disk that lies underneath the areola. This process is known as subcutaneous mastectomy. This is preceded by liposuction where the excess fat over the chest is removed. Therefore, the whole process is known as liposuction-assisted mastectomy.
This procedure is usually performed under local (tumescent) anesthesia except for huge breasts where general anesthesia might be needed. The recovery period is very short and patients are discharged on the same day of surgery. The results are permanent because of the surgical removal of the breast disks that is incorporated with this procedure. However, if people continue to get obese following the procedure then the condition known as pseudogynecomastia might appear even after surgery. Pseudogynecomastia is usually treated by liposuction alone. In the postoperative period, a chest compression garment has to be worn for 6-8 weeks. The final result is appreciated 6 months after surgery. Complications are very less and include hematoma or seroma in a few cases.